OCGC Seminar - Dr. Shahin Dashtgard

   

What petroleum geologists can learn in Vancouver:
Lessons from the Fraser River, B.C.


Dr. Shahin E. Dashtgard 
2015 Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists (CSPG) Distinguished Lecturer 

Applied Research in Ichnology and Sedimentology (ARISE) Group, 
Department of Earth Sciences, Simon Fraser University

Sandstone beds in the Fraser River delta

Thursday, March 26th, 2015
11:30 a.m. 

3120 HP 
Carleton University 

 

Abstract

The economic success of steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) is largely dependent upon the geometries of mud beds and muddy bedsets in bitumen-saturated sandstone reservoirs. Inclined mud beds that are interbedded with sand act to block steam flow through the reservoir, resulting in bypassed pay and poor hydrocarbon recoveries. To better understand how mud beds are distributed in reservoirs, modern analogs must be studied. The Fraser River, B.C., is a case in point. Depositional trends defined from the Fraser augment our understanding of mud-bed distributions, and provide a means to predict reservoir architecture based on sediment characteristics.

In the lower reaches of the Fraser River, inclined interbeds of sand and mud (inclined heterolithic stratification or IHS) are developed on bars across the tidal-fluvial transition. In terms of IHS characteristics, the tidal-fluvial transition can be grouped into three distinctive regions: 1) tidal backwater (freshwater only); 2) tide-influenced, fluvially dominated (brackish water); and, 3) subequal tidal-fluvial (brackish water). 1) In the tidal backwater, mud deposition is limited, and IHS is only developed in side channels and on counter point bars. Burrowing in this zone is very rare, and the traces tend to be small, simple structures. 2) Where saltwater and freshwater mix, mud deposition is at its highest. From landward to seaward across the zone of fresh- and saltwater mixing, decreasing fluvial influence is manifest by an increase in mud volume and heterolithic deposition, with a concomitant increase in the diversity, size, and density of burrows. 3) Bedding rhythmicity increases seaward through the zone of subequal tidal and fluvial flow, and only decreases onto the lower delta-plain tidal flats. Burrows in zone 3 are larger and the trace assemblage is more diverse than elsewhere along the tidal-fluvial transition.

The relative proportion of tidal versus fluvial flow in the Fraser River determines the character of IHS developed on channel bars. Conversely, the sedimentology and ichnology of IHS in the rock record can be used to predict the dominant depositional processes that controlled deposition. With additional research on modern analogs, it should be possible to predict the geometries of muddy bedsets in IHS-based sedimentary architectures, and from these data, optimize the efficient extraction of bitumen from heterolithic reservoirs.

 

 

Biography

Dr. Dashtgard earned his BSc from the University of Alberta in 1998 and his PhD from the same institution in 2006. Between degrees he worked in the petroleum industry, and following his PhD, for the Alberta Geological Survey. Shahin started as an assistant professor in the Department of Earth Sciences at Simon Fraser University in 2007, and is now an associate professor in the same department. In May 2012, he received the James Lee Wilson Award from the SEPM for “excellence in sedimentary geology by a young scientist,” and in 2013 he received the CSPG Link Award for the “best oral presentation by a current CSPG Member at one of the Society's Technical Luncheon meetings.”

For the past 8 years, Dr. Dashtgard’s research has focused on the sedimentology and ichnology of the Fraser River Delta, on modern and ancient shoreface deposits, and on process ichnology. His present research is focused on resolving the complex stratigraphy and architecture of the McMurray sub-basin, Alberta.